adhiyagnaha katham kotra dehesminmadhusoodana |
prayaanakaale cha katham jneyosi niyataatmabhihi || 2 ||

Who is “adhiyagna” and how is he (established) in this body, O Madhosoodana? How are (you) known by a self-controlled person, at the time of departure?
adhiyagnaha : “adhiyagna”
katham : how
kaha : who
atra : here
dehe : in a body
asmin : this
madhusoodana : O Madhusoodana
prayaanakaale : at the time of departure
cha : and
katham : how
jneyaha asi : is known
niyataatmabhihi : by a self-controlled person
Arjuna concludes his round of questions to Shri Krishna in this shloka. His two questions are as follows. First, he wants to know what is “adhiyagna” and where can it be found. Second, he wants to know how can a yogi or a self-controlled person remember Ishvara at the time of departure. Shri Krishna treats the second question as the most important question. After answering the first six questions in the next two shlokas, Shri Krishna devotes the remainder of the chapter to answering this question only.
Let us continue to develop the illustration of the animated movie so that we can use it in the next shloka when Shri Krishna starts answering Arjuna’s questions. We learned about the animated character “Tom”, which is just a series of images on film. The light that illuminated Tom began to think that it has an identity that is different than the rest of the film strip.
As a consequence, the light creates an identity for itself. That light becomes Tom. “He” is bound by his “body”, which is nothing but an outline on the strip of film. He also begins to think that he is the “doer” of an action, and is the “enjoyer” of the result of an action. He thinks that he is walking, talking, interacting with people. He also gets happy or upset over the result of his actions.
So in summary, we have a strip of film that contains a series of images. Each image contains several lines that make up the character Tom that has suddenly begun to think that he is alive. Let us keep this in mind as we begin to hear Shri Krishna’s answers.