shubhaashubhaphalairevam mokshyase karmabandhanaihi |
sannyaasayogayuktaatmaa vimukto maamupaishyasi || 28 ||

In this manner, you will be free from the bonds of action and their auspicious and inauspicious results. Having engaged in this yoga of renunciation, you will be liberated and attain me.
shubhaashubha : auspicious and inauspicious
phalaihi : results
evam : in this manner
mokshyase : will be free
karmabandhanaihi : from bonds of action
sannyaasayoga : yoga of renunciation
yuktaatmaa : engaged in
vimuktaha : becoming liberated
maam : me
upaishyasi : you will attain
What happens when we incorporate worship into our life? Shri Krishna says that we shall be free of the results of action. Our actions give us results in the form of joy, sorrow, profit, loss, win, loss. Freedom from results leads to liberation and attainment of Ishvara. This is the ultimate result of living a worshipful life.
This shloka takes us back to the topic of renunciation. In an earlier portion of the Gita, Shri Krishna had redefined “sannyaasa” or renunciation as giving up of the attitude of doership, not the giving up of action and retiring to a hermitage. By submitting our actions and their results in Ishvara hands, we automatically attain renunciation because we have come to know that it is Ishvara who is doing and enjoying everything.
As an illustration, let’s consider our boss at work. If we do not have confidence in our boss’s authority and his ability to lead us, our job becomes complicated, heavy and burdensome. Before we begin a task, we are worried whether we are doing the right things, and also fear the consequences of making a mistake. But if we trust our boss’s authority and his ability to give us right direction, we work effortlessly and fearlessly knowing that we are carrying out the boss’s command, and that he will take care of us if something goes wrong.
Similarly, once we realize that it is the infinite Ishvara that is directing everything, our actions automatically become effortless and fearless. It is like working for the most powerful CEO or the most powerful President, it gives us that kind of a confidence and peace of mind. We know that Ishvara is making us do the right things, and that he will take responsibility for the results and the consequences.
Now, if Ishvara is running everything, does that mean that he is partial to those who surrender to him and those who do not? This is taken up next.