tapasvibhyodhiko yogi jnyaanibhyopi matodhikaha |
karmibhyashchaadhiko yogi tasmaadyogi bhavaarjuna || 46 ||

 
The yogi is greater than men of austerity, even greater than men of knowledge, and greater than men of action. Therefore, become a yogi, O Arjuna.
 
tapasvibhyaha : men of austerity
adhikaha : greater
yogi : yogi
jnyaanibhyaha : men of knowledge
api : even
mataha : opinion
adhikaha : greater
karmibhyaha : men of action
cha : and
adhikaha : greater
yogi : yogi
tasmaat : therefore
yogi : yogo
bhava : become
arjuna : O Arjuna
 
Shri Krishna begins to conclude the topic of meditation with this shloka. Having described the need for meditation, the definition of meditation, the process of meditation and the fate of a meditator, he now positions meditation as the ultimate means of attaining liberation. He says that the yogi, or the meditator, is superior to people who practice austerities, work selflessly or study the scriptures. And regardless of how much spiritual progress has been made in prior births, meditation is the only means of liberation. That is why he urges Arjuna to follow the path of meditation.
 
Here, Shri Krishna first lists three types of spiritual strivers: the taspasvi who practices austerities, the karmayogi who works selflessly, and the jnyaani who studies scriptures. We have come across the term karma yogi earlier, so let us look at the other two. The tapasvi is one who practicies austerities in the form of minimizing exposure to the material world, such as fasting, donating wealth, keeping a vow of silence and so on. The jnyaani is one who is well versed in spiritual knowledge and continues to increase and disseminate this knowledge through books, satsangs or company of holy people, and discourses.
 
Although each of these practices has their place and moves the seeker forward in his spiritual path, they are will not lead the seeker to his ultimate goal of liberation. Moreover, any of these practices will result in worldy gains as well. Shri Krishna advises Arjuna to not get “stuck” in any of these practices, but to gradually move towards meditation as the conclusion of his spiritual practice. Otherwise, there is a danger of the tapasvi harming himself through extreme austerity, the karmayogi not being able to detach himself from his actions, and the jnyaani gaining a ton of theoretical knowledge but not resulting in anything tangible.
 
So therefore, Shri Krishna urges Arjuna to follow the path of meditation as prescribed in this chapter. Specifically, this means developing the vision of equanimity or “samyak darshana”, where one sees oneself in all, and all in one’s self. Shri Krishna concludes this chapter in the next shloka.
 

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