saadhibhootaadhidaivam maam saadhiyagnyam cha ye viduhu |
prayanaakaalepi cha maam te viduryuktachetasaha || 30 ||

 
Those who know me with “adhibhoota”, “adhidaiva” and “adhiyagnya” with a focused mind during the time of departure, they realize only me.
 
sa : with
adhibhoota : “adhibhoota”
adhidaivam : “adhidaiva”
maam : me
sa : with
adhiyagnyam : “adhiyagnya”
cha : and
ye : those who
viduhu : know
prayanaakaale : during the time of departure
api : also
cha : and
maam : me
te : they
viduhu : realize
yuktachetasaha : focused mind
 
Studying the Gita is akin to taking off in an airplane. Each chapter takes us to a higher and higher level of understanding. In this, the final shloka of the seventh chapter, we are taken from the level of the individual to the level of the cosmic. Shri Krishna introduces a topic that all of us have to confront: how should we prepare ourselves for death ?
 
We cannot begin to answer this question unless we gain an understanding of the cosmos, where did it come from, how is it sustained, where is it going and so on. Therefore, Shri Krishna in the eighth chapter shifts gears to address these questions.
 
Here, he introduces three additional terms: “adhibhoota”, “adhidaiva” and “adhiyagnya”. These terms along with the 3 terms from the previous shloka will be explained in the beginning of the next chapter. He also says that the wise devotee who has his mind focused on Ishvara realizes or attains Ishvara.
 
Let’s say we only think of chocolate ice cream for an entire day, non-stop. We do not let any other thought come into our mind. When we wake up the next day, what would be our first thought? Chocolate ice cream, of course. Similarly, Shri Krishna says that whatever we think just before we die shapes our destiny after we die. If we think of something worldly during the time of death, our destiny will be worldly. But if we think of Ishvara during our time of dying, we will attain Ishvara.
 
Now, although we like to plan our lives to the nth degree, none of us knows when we will die. If that is the case, the thought that is top priority in our minds will become our final thought. If we are worried about our job all the time, that will be our last thought. If we are worried about our family all the time, that will be our last thought. If we are worried about our the state of the world all the time, that will be our last thought.
 
Therefore, the practical lesson here is that we should learn to direct our attention towards Ishvara while we are performing our duties on this world. How exactly we should do this, as well as how the cosmos came into existence, is the topic of the eighth chapter.
 
om tatsatiti shrimadbhagavadgitasu upanishadsu brahmavidyayaam yogashastre shrikrishnaarjunasamvade jnyaanavignyaanayogonaamo saptamodhyaahaha || 7 ||

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